Recent figures on Bitcoin’s (BTC) vitality consumption, effectivity and scalability serve to show the banking sector whereas bathing the world’s largest cryptocurrency in a brand new mild. 

A analysis report published by Michel Khazzaka, an IT engineer, cryptographer and guide, calculates that Bitcoin funds are a “million instances extra environment friendly” than the legacy monetary system. Plus, the banking sector “makes use of 56 instances extra vitality than Bitcoin.”


The report compiles virtually 4 years of analysis and suggests a brand new calculation for estimating Bitcoin’s proof-of-work vitality consumption. In an interview, Khazzaka informed Cointelegraph:

“Bitcoin Lightning, and Bitcoin, usually, are actually nice and really environment friendly technological options that should be adopted on a big scale. This invention is good sufficient, environment friendly sufficient, and highly effective sufficient to get mass adoption.”

Khazzaka, who based funds consultancy Valuechain in late 2021, proposes a substitute for the vitality estimates offered by Cambridge Bitcoin Electrical energy Consumption Index (CBECI). The index, often cited by Cointelegraph, estimates that Bitcoin consumes roughly 122 TW/H per yr.

Bearing in mind the typical lifespan of Bitcoin mining machines in addition to the speed at which new IT supplies are created, Khazzaka means that Bitcoin consumes 88.95 TWh per yr, significantly lower than Cambridge’s estimate.

Graph to indicate complete depend of mining items over time over 160 months. Supply: Khazzaka report

A funds specialist who wrote his dissertation about cryptography in 2003, and found Bitcoin in 2011, Khazzaka additionally places the banking sector beneath the microscope to successfully evaluate the 2 financial techniques. Khazzaka informed Cointelegraph he “actually underestimates each facet of the banking sector,” and opposite to critics, his report is “biased to the banking system.”

Nonetheless, considering the creation of cash, transporting cash, bodily banking infrastructure vitality consumption, and so forth, he arrives at a determine of 4,981 TWh. Rounded up, 5,000 TWh is consumed by the “classical funds” sector yearly. Consequently, banking makes use of 56 instances extra vitality than Bitcoin.

The report examines transaction effectivity revealing that at present, “at present block measurement and if the blocks are stuffed to their most capability ηmax = 5.7× higher vitality effectivity than the classical system.” Nevertheless, that’s with out taking into account the Lightning Network. Within the interview, Khazzaka defined:

“Lightning will enable the bitcoin protocol to do extra transactions with out consuming extra vitality. And that is magic.”

Associated: The Lightning Network Lunch: A Bitcoin contactless payment story

The report concludes that the mix of Bitcoin and the Lightning Community permits Bitcoin to grow to be “194 million” instances extra vitality environment friendly than a classical fee system.

For Khazzaka, the report lays naked that the “Banking and funds business must undertake blockchain and perhaps even Bitcoin.” Whereas Khazzaka’s conclusion could come as a shock to the cypherpunks and anarchocapitalists who favor the crypto area, Khazzaka believes that Bitcoin may truly profit banking:

“If they’re brave sufficient blockchain know-how, it’ll enhance their effectivity and their scalability.”

Although Bitcoin’s energy use is frequently critiqued, the investigation into the banking sector will come as welcome information to many.